University of Manitoba: U of M - Faculty of Arts - Psychology - Faculty

Dr. Murray Singer, Professor Emeritus



McGill University, (1964-68)  
B.Sc. 1968, Honours, Psychology  
Carnegie-Mellon University, (1968-73)  
M.S. 1970, Psychology;  
Ph.D. 1973, Psychology  
Leave Fellow, (1979-80; 1986-87)  
Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada

Professional Experience

Department of Psychology, University of Manitoba (1973-present; promoted to Professor in 1984; Professor Emeritus since 2015)  
President, Canadian Society for Brain, Behaviour, and Cognitive Science, 2004-05  
Editor, Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology, 1998-2001

Visiting Scholar (2015-16)  
Department of Psychology, University of California, San Diego 

Visiting Professor (2012), Department of Psychology, University of British Columbia

Visiting Research Associate (2000-01; 2007-08;2015-16)  
Department of Psychology, University of California, San Diego  
Visiting Scholar, (1986-87)  
Department of Psychology, Stanford University, Stanford, California  
Visiting Research Associate, (1979-80; 1993-94)  
Department of Psychology, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado

Selected Publications

Singer, M., Solar, K. G., & Spear, J. (2017). Validating presupposed versus focused text information. Memory & Cognition, 45, 456-479.

Singer, M. (2017). Memory for text and discourse: Retrieval and comprehension. In J. T. Wixted (ed.), Cognitive psychology of memory, Vol. 2 of Learning and memory: A comprehensive reference, 2nd edition, Byrne, J. H. (ed.). (pp. 357-381). Oxford: Academic Press.

Richter, T., & Singer, M. (2017). Updating situational representations in reading. In M. Schober, A. Britt, & D. Rapp (Eds.), Handbook of discourse processes, Vol. 2, (pp. 219-241). Amsterdam: Taylor and Francis.

Singer, M. (2015). Validating text inferences--and explicit content. In E. O'Brien, A. Cook, & R. Lorch (Eds.), Inference processes during reading (pp. 68-94). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

Singer, M., & Spear, J. (2015). Phantom recollection of bridging and elaborative inferences. Discourse Processes, 52, 356-375. doi:10.1080/0163853X.2015.1029858

Singer, M., & Doering, J. C. (2014). Exploring individual differences in language validation. Discourse Processes, 51, 167-188.

Ferretti, T. R., Singer, M., & Harwood, J. (2013). Processes of discourse integration: Evidence from event-related brain potentials. Discourse Processes, 50, 165-186. doi: 10.1080/0163853X.2013.766123

Singer, M. (2013). Profiles of discourse recognition. Discourse Processes, 50, 407-429. doi: 10.1080/0163853X.2013.822297

Singer, M. (2013). Validation in reading comprehension. Current Directions in Psychological Science. 22, 361-366. doi: 10.1177/0963721413495236

Singer, M., Fazaluddin, A., & Andrew, K. N. (2013). Recognition of categorised words: Repetition effects in rote study. Memory, 21, 467-481.

Singer, M., Fazaluddin, A., & Andrew, K. N. (2011). Distinctiveness and repetition in item recognition. Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology, 65, 200-207.
Singer, M. (2009). Tacit verification of determinate and indeterminate text ideas. Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology, 63, 185-192.
Singer, M. (2009). Strength-based criterion shifts in recognition memory. Memory & Cognition, 37, 976-984.
Ferretti, T., Singer, M., & Patterson, C. (2008). Electrophysiological evidence for the time-course of verifying text ideas. Cognition, 108, 881-888.
Singer, M., & Remillard, G. (2008). Veridical and false memory for text: A multiprocess analysis. Journal of Memory and Language, 59, 18-35.
Singer, M., & Tiede, H. L. (2008). Feeling of knowing and duration of unsuccessful memory search. Memory & Cognition, 36, 588-597.  
Singer, M. (2006). Verification of text ideas during reading. Journal of Memory and Language, 54, 574-591.

Singer, M., & Wixted, J. T. (2006). Effect of delay on recognition decisions: Evidence for a criterion shift. Memory & Cognition,34, 125-137.
Singer, M., & Richards, E. (2005). Representing complex narrative goal structures: Competing memory-based and situational influences. Discourse Processes, 39, 189-204. 
Singer, M., & O'Connell, G. (2003).  Robust inference processes in expository text comprehension. European Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 15, 607-631.  
Zwaan, R., & Singer, M.  (2003).  Text comprehension.  In A. C. Graesser, M. A. Gernsbacher, & S. R. Goldman (Eds.), Handbook of discourse processes (pp. 83-121).  Mahwah, NJ:  Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.  
Singer, M.  (2003).  Processes of question answering.  In G. Rickheit, T. Herrmann, & W. Deutsch (Eds.), Psycholinguistik- Psycholinguistics (pp. 422-431).  Berlin: Walter de Gruyter.  
Singer, M., Gagnon, N., & Richards, E. (2002).  Question answering strategy:  The effect of mixing test delays.  Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology, 56, 28-64.  
Singer, M., & Kintsch, W.  (2001). Text retrieval: A theoretical exploration. Discourse Processes, 31, 27-59.  
Singer, M., & Halldorson, M. (1996). Constructing and validating motive bridging inferences. Cognitive Psychology, 30, 1-38.  
Singer, M., & Ritchot, K. (1996). Individual differences in inference validation. Memory & Cognition, 24, 733-743.

Future Plans

My students and I pursue several interrelated projects concerning adult language comprehension and human memory. The strategy is to examine principles of comprehension by the systematic analysis of two complex tasks, inference processing and question answering. The main emphases at the present are to study readers' "validation" of tentative inferences, to identify the role of individual differences in complex reading tasks, and to create computational models of these effects. Research is sometimes conducted to explore the basic memory processes that support language processes. These endeavours are pursued in the framework of a constructionist theory of language comprehension (Graesser, Singer, & Trabasso, Psychological Review, 1994).


I will accept a new graduate student for the fall of 2018.

Course Information

As Professor Emeritus, I will not present courses except in unusual circumstances.